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Enabling Efficiency in Smart Cities Via Right Technologies

Blog written by –  Anilkumar Jeur – Strategic Business


What are smart cities? 

While experts still struggle to precisely define the concept of ‘smart cities, the umbrella term of late is the talk of the town. A mutual industry consent on the same however refers to a city as smart which harnesses data and technology to improve the lives of its citizens and businesses.

The primary objective in the initiative is to bring all departments of the city, such as power supply, sanitation, urban transport, waste management, e-governance, citizen participation, urban mobility, and IT under the ambit of connectivity.

This makes it easier and more convenient for citizens to perform day to day activities.

A classic example of this is the Amsterdam Smart City initiative in which the Dutch government is running several projects via an interconnected system. It uses wireless devices to enhance the city’s real-time decision-making abilities. As a part of the initiative, they have set up smart energy metres in houses to reduce carbon footprint. They have also rolled out smart street lights, which can be operated remotely. Municipalities can also monitor and broadcast real-time traffic information for easy movement of the public.

Similar technologies are being leveraged for developing other cities across the world, including some in India.

The Dominant Role Of Information and Communication Technology

ICT acts as an interlink between the public and the government, which is pivotal to the setup of any smart city. It creates a three-way communication channel between smart solutions, citizens, and the government and is used to analyse the demand pattern of the state and create a requisite pool of online services.

Internet of Things(IoT)

The key technology behind the success of any smart city initiative is IoT. The IoT is basically a network of physically connected devices, like vehicles or home appliances that enable these ‘things’ to connect and exchange data. This, in turn, leads to improved efficiency (both in public and private sectors).


Sensors are generally hidden but ubiquitous components of an intelligent control system. They operate by converting parameters of a physical nature into an electronic signal. Control systems function by collecting this data and adjusting their operations. Sensors are thus a pivotal

part of any smart city setup.

Artificial Intelligence

A smart city generates a huge amount of data. So without a setup that can compile, analyse and process it, all this data is of no use. AI in such a scenario enables machine to machine interaction by processing the data and making sense out of that.

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